Category Archives: Cancer

Video: Gastric to Esophageal Mucosal Transplantation

In the April issue of Gastroenterology, researchers report transplantation of mucosa from a patient’s stomach to esophagus, to prevent stricture formation after circumferential endoscopic mucosal dissection of early-stage esophageal cancer. Endoscopic submucosal resection and dissection are used to remove areas of dysplasia and … Continue reading

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What Patient Factors Affect Bowel Preparation for Colonoscopy?

Bowel preparation is suboptimal for about one third of adults older than 55 undergoing outpatient colonoscopy, says the March issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. Diabetes and low level of patient engagement in their own health care contribute to less-than-optimal … Continue reading

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Cancer Cells in Circulation

Pancreatic cancer cells can be detected in patients’ circulation before tumors are discovered, researchers report in the March issue of Gastroenterology. Cancer cells have long been believed to acquire metastatic potential after large primary tumors are established. However, many patients undergoing … Continue reading

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Sensitizing Colorectal Tumors to Chemotherapy

Although colorectal tumors with microsatellite instability (MSI) are usually considered to have a poor response to 5-fluorouracil–based chemotherapy, researchers have identified a subset that actually respond well to chemotherapy. These tumors express a dominant-negative form of the chaperone HSP110, according … Continue reading

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Most Popular Gastroenterology and CGH Papers from 2013

As we begin 2014, we can’t help but look back at 2013 and all the incredible discoveries that were made by gastroenterology and hepatology researchers. Based on the year’s most-downloaded original research articles from Gastroenterology and CGH, exciting things are … Continue reading

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Can We Increase Survival of Patients with Gastric Cancer?

Researchers have identified factors that affect life expectancy of patients with stomach cancer, reported in the December issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. Use of these factors to increase early detection of gastric adenocarcinoma could greatly increase survival times among … Continue reading

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How Does a High-Fat Diet Contribute to Pancreatic Cancer?

A high-fat diet can promote development of pancreatic cancer, but cyclooxygenase-2 (COX2) inhibitors prevent this process, according to a mouse study published in the December issue of Gastroenterology. The mechanisms appear to involve activation of oncogenic KRAS and upregulation of … Continue reading

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