Category Archives: Cancer

A New Way to Detect Pancreatic Tumors?

Researchers have developed an ultrasound technique to image pancreatic tumors in mice, described in the October issue of Gastroenterology. This approach might useful in early detection of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). PDAC is the fourth leading cause of cancer death … Continue reading

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Overall Diet, Rather than Specific Foods, Affect Risk for Esophageal Cancer

A Mediterranean diet and overall healthy eating, rather than a particular group of foods or nutrients, reduce the risk for esophageal cancers—particularly esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), according to the September issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. Although diet has … Continue reading

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Which Patients With Barrett’s Esophagus Will Develop Esophageal Cancer?

Researchers have found markers to identify patients with Barrett’s esophagus (BE) at greatest risk of developing esophageal adenocarcinoma. These are described in the August issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. In patients with BE, part of the normal stratified squamous … Continue reading

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Are All Patients With IBD at Increased Risk for Colorectal Cancer?

Although inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) increases risk for colorectal cancer (CRC), the risk is only substantial among patients with long-term, extensive colitis. Furthermore, CRC risk is reduced by thiopurine therapy, according to the July issue of Gastroenterology. Laurent Beaugerie et … Continue reading

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How Can We Screen for Pancreatic Cancer and its Precursors?

Individuals with invasive pancreatic cancer or high-grade dysplasia can be identified based on a specific DNA mutation in pancreatic juice samples from the duodena, according to the June issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. Tests for mutant TP53 might be developed to improve the … Continue reading

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A Special Issue: the Exocrine Pancreas and its Disorders

Everything you ever wanted to know about the pancreas, its development and function, and the pathogenesis and treatment of its disorders are now covered in a special issue of Gastroenterology. Pancreatology is a rapidly developing field—recent findings from molecular and genetic … Continue reading

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Are There Stem Cells in the Esophagus and Stomach?

Researchers have identified potential stem cells in human esophagus and stomach, as well as those in metaplastic esophagus that could lead to esophageal cancer, according to the April issue of Gastroenterology. Stem cells have been reported to exist in the … Continue reading

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What is Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma?

Researchers have found that intrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas (ICCs) are really 2 different groups of tumors, based on molecular and genetic analyses, reported in the April issue of Gastroenterology. These findings identify class-specific mechanisms of oncogenesis that could lead to new treatment approaches … Continue reading

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Can Proton Pump Inhibitors Prevent Esophageal Cancer?

Proton-pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy reduces risk of esophageal cancer in patients with Barrett’s esophagus (BE), according to the April issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. In BE, the squamous epithelium of the distal esophagus is replaced by metaplastic columnar epithelium, … Continue reading

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What are the Risks for Relatives of Patients With Colorectal Cancer?

Close relatives of people with colorectal cancer (CRC) have a significant increase in prevalence of advanced neoplasms and should be screened for cancer, according to the March issue of Gastroenterology. Relatives of patients with CRC have been shown to be … Continue reading

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