Tag Archives: intestine

Preventing Hypoglycemia After Gastric Bypass

Many patients who undergo gastric bypass surgery experience hypoglycemia after meals. Researchers report in the March issue of Gastroenterology that they can correct this condition with an agent that blocks the receptor for the glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP1). Roux-en-Y gastric bypass … Continue reading

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Can We Treat Diarrhea by Stimulating Na+ Absorption?

Drugs designed to increase intestinal absorption of sodium might be the best approach for treatment of diarrheal diseases, according to the Advances in Translational Science article in the January issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. Acute diarrheal diseases are the second … Continue reading

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Are Mitochondria Involved in Ulcerative Colitis?

Changes in mitochondrial DNA that increase levels of ATP in the intestinal mucosa protect mice from colitis, according to the November issue of Gastroenterology. Strategies to increase mitochondrial ATP production by intestinal epithelial cells might therefore be developed to treat patients … Continue reading

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How Can the Gut Microbiota Contribute to Liver Disease?

Microbes that reside in colons of obese individuals produce many compounds that could contribute to development of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and other complications of obesity, according to a study published in the July issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and … Continue reading

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How do Intestinal Stem Cells get their Wnt?

Intestinal homeostasis and stem cells are not affected when Paneth cells stop producing Wnt, but Wnt is required to maintain the stem cell niche in intestinal epithelial cultures, according to a mouse study in the December issue of Gastroenterology. These … Continue reading

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Could Intestinal Microbes Reduce Insulin Resistance?

The intestinal microbiota can be manipulated to increase insulin sensitivity in people with metabolic syndrome, according to a study published in the October issue of Gastroenterology. The trillions of microorganisms that reside in the human intestine are important regulators of … Continue reading

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Which Direction is Best for Enteroscopy?

Antegrade is better than retrograde enteroscopy in diagnosis and treatment of patients with small bowel disease, according to the August issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. Single and double balloon-assisted enteroscopy (SBE and DBE), and spiral enteroscopy (which uses a … Continue reading

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