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Tag Archives: stomach
Video: Gastric to Esophageal Mucosal Transplantation
In the April issue of Gastroenterology, researchers report transplantation of mucosa from a patient’s stomach to esophagus, to prevent stricture formation after circumferential endoscopic mucosal dissection of early-stage esophageal cancer. Endoscopic submucosal resection and dissection are used to remove areas of dysplasia and … Continue reading
Posted in Cancer, GI Tract, Technology Tagged dissection, dysplasia, EMD, EMR, esophageal cancer, esophagus, gastric mucosa, resection, stomach, stricture prevention, Surgery, transplantation 1 Comment
What to do About Gastric Polyps
When clinicians detect a gastric polyp during endoscopy, they are faced with many questions: does the polyp need to be excised, or can a biopsy sample be collected and analyzed? Which polyps should be biopsied? Should patients then be followed, … Continue reading
Are Patients Who Take Continuous NSAIDs Receiving Gastroprotection?
Among patients who continuously take nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), a third of co-prescriptions for drugs to prevent gastrointestinal (GI) damage are not renewed within the next 2 years. This discontinuation increases patients’ risk of stomach pain, inflammation, or ulcers, according … Continue reading
Molecular Mechanisms of Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass
Many of the beneficial effects of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), including improved glucose homeostasis, require the actions of melanocortin-4 receptors (MC4Rs) on autonomic neurons, according to the March issue of Gastroenterology. Fasting glycemia often improves within days of RYGB (see … Continue reading
Posted in GI Tract, Technology Tagged bariatric surgery, calorie intake, diet, high-fat, MC receptor, melanocortin, mouse model, nervous system, neuron, Obesity, RYGB, stomach Leave a comment
Does a Response to Proton Pump Inhibitor Therapy Indicate GERD?
Just because a patient’s upper gastrointestinal symptoms are alleviated by proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) doesn’t necessarily mean that they have gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), according to the December issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. The efficacy of PPI therapy often … Continue reading
Posted in GI Tract, Technology Tagged acid, Diagnosis, drug, endoscopy, esophagus, GERD, how to identify, reflux, stomach, test, therapy, treatment 301 Comments
How Dangerous Are H pylori-Negative Idiopathic Bleeding Ulcers?
Patients with a bleeding peptic ulcer not caused by Helicobacter pylori infection or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are at considerable risk of recurrent bleeding and death. Furthermore, acid-suppressive drugs do not protect these patients, according to the October issue of … Continue reading
Treating Rumination and Supragastric Belching
Baclofen is an effective treatment for patients with rumination or supragastric belching/aerophagia, according to the April issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. Rumination syndrome is characterized by the effortless, often repetitive regurgitation of recently ingested food into the mouth; it … Continue reading
Posted in GI Tract Tagged belching, Clinical Trial, esophagus, food regurgitation, nervous system, pain, stomach, swallowing problems, therapy, treatment 1 Comment
Surviving Childhood Cancer Increases GI Risks
Individuals who received therapy for cancer during childhood have an increased risk of developing GI complications later in life, according to Robert Goldsby et al. in the May issue of Gastroenterology. About 80% of children who receive cancer therapy survive … Continue reading
Posted in Cancer, GI Tract Tagged adverse event, cancer treatment, chemotherapy, Colon, intestine, pediatric, radiation, risk, side-effect, stomach, Toxicity, Tumor Leave a comment